# Geography Multiple Choice Questions (Quiz with Answer)

1. The latitude of a place expresses its angular position relative to the place of:
(a) Axis of the earth
(b) Equator
(c) North pole
(d) South pole

2. One degree of longitude on the equator is equal to a distance of:
(a) 34.5 miles
(b) 50 miles
(c) 60 miles
(d) 69 miles

3. The Tropic of Cancer passes through:
(a) India and Iran
(b) Iran and Pakistan
(c) India and Saudi Arabia
(d) Iran and Iraq

4. Consider the following statements:
1. Earth is the fourth largest planet of the solar system
2. Earth's circumference is about 45000 km
3. Earth's polar diameter is about 43 km shorter than its equatorial diameter
4. Earth has a total surface area of 510 million sq. km

Which of these statements are correct?
(a) 1 and 2
(b) 1 and 4
(c) 2 and 3
(d) 3 and 4

5. Which one of the following is not the effect of the revolution of the Earth?
(a) Change of seasons
(b) Length of days and nights
(c) Determination of latitudes
(d) Change in the direction of winds and ocean currents

6. Which of the following statements is true?
(a) Arctic circle, Antarctic Circle and equator are great circles
(b) Both equator and longitudes are great circles
(c) Both latitudes and longitudes are great circles
(d) Both equator and latitudes are great circles

7. Latitude of a point on the earth is measured by the distance in:
(a) Kilometers from the poles
(b) Kilometers from the equator
(c) Angles from the poles
(d) Angles from the equator

8. Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched?
(a) 66° 33' N latitude - Arctic Circle
(b) 180° E or 180° W longitude International Date line
(c) 23° 20' N latitude Tropic of Cancer
(d) 0° E or 0° W longitude – Equator

9. Of the total volume of the earth, which layer forms the major part?
(a) Sial
(b) Sima
(c) Mantle
(d) Core

10. The distance of the equator from either of the poles is:
(a) 500-km
(b) 5001 km
(c) 10,002 km
(d) 36,005 km

11. The amount of insulation received at a place on the surface of the earth depends on:
(a) Its climate
(b) Its latitude
(c) Its longitude
(d) Both (a) and (b)

12. Which of the following statements is correct?
1. All meridians are of the same length
2. All latitudes are of the same length
3. The Prime Meridian is the longest meridian
4. The Equator is the longest latitude

(a) 1 and 2
(b) 2 and 3
(c) 3 and 4
(d) 1 and 4

13. Which one of the following is the time required for the Earth to return to a given point in its orbit with reference to fixed star, called?
(a) Lunar year
(b) Solar year
(c) Tropical year
(d) Sidereal year

14. Match the following: Discontinuity Layer of Earth’ Interior associated with discontinuity
A. Weichert-Gutenb
B. Mohorovicic
C. Lehman discontinuity

1. Outer core and erg discontinuity inner core
2. Lower mantle and outer core (Moho) discontinuity
3. Upper mantle and lower mantle
4. Lower crust and upper mantle
5. Division of Sial and Sima within the crust

---A B C D
(a) 5 1 3 2
(b) 2 1 3 5
(c) 2 4 1 5
(d) 5 4 1 2

15. Which one of the following countries does not border Mediterranean Sea?
(a) Malta
(b) Libya
(c) Italy
(d) Bulgaria

16. Which one of the following factors is responsible for the change in the regular direction of the ocean currents in the Indian Ocean?
(a) Indian Ocean is ‘half an ocean’
(b) Indian Ocean has Monsoon drift
(c) Indian Ocean is a land-locked ocean
(d) Indian Ocean has greater variation in salinity

17. One will NOT have to pass through the Suez Canal while going from Bombay to:
(a) Alexandria
(b) Suez
(c) Port Said
(d) Benghazi

18. Match the following:
Lakes
A. Caspian Sea
B. Baikal Lake
C. Michigan Lake
Characteristics
1. Lake bordered by big cities
2. World’s biggest Lake
3. Lake below sea level
4. World’s deepest lake

--A B C D
(a) 2 3 1 4
(b) 4 2 3 1
(c) 2 4 1 3
(d) 1 4 2 3

19. Which one of the following seas is without a coastline?
(a) White Sea
(b) Sargasso Sea
(c) Sea of Okhotsk
(d) Tasman Sea

20. The busy port of Rotterdam is situated in:
(a) The Netherlands
(b) Belgium
(c) Denmark
(d) Germany

21. Match the Following
Sea Country
B. Baltic Sea 2. Italy
C. North Sea 3. Poland
D. Black Sea 4. United Kingdom

--A B C D
(a) 2 4 3 1
(b) 2 3 4 1
(c) 1 2 4 3
(d) 1 4 2 3

22. Which of the following is not helpful for delta formation?
(a) Fast movement of river in mountains to cut sediments
(b) Slow speed
(c) Long river course
(d) Tidal nature of waves

23. Which one among the following rivers is the longest?
(a) Amazon
(b) Amur
(c) Congo
(d) Volga

24. What is the average salt content in a liter of sea water?
(a) 39 gm
(b) 37 gm
(c) 35 gm
(d) 32 gm